Information for patients

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is an arrhythmia that causes the heart to beat completely irregularly. The upper chambers of the heart (the atriums) “move” in a very fast and chaotic pattern, leading to slowing or even stagnation of atrial blood flow. The main pumping chambers (the ventricles) also hit irregularly and as such they do not pump blood as efficiently. Know more here


Arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heart beat do not work properly, causing the heartbeat to be too fast, too slow or irregular.

To prevent cardiac arrhythmias, it is essential to adopt healthy lifestyle habits, such as a good diet, rich in vegetables and fruits and no alcohol consumption, smoke cessation, exercise at moderate intensity. At least once a year, consult with a cardiologist for preventive examinations. For exercise, it is important to know that when excessive / disproportionate it can be harmful and therefore it is essential to find out which level and type of physical activity is most appropriate for you.

Sudden cardiac death

Sudden death is the sudden, unexpected and non-accidental death, most often of cardiac origin. In sudden cardiac death there is an abrupt loss of cardiac function and consequently of consciousness and respiratory function. With proper and prompt medical treatment, survival is possible. If resuscitation maneuvers are initiated immediately (chest compressions and external defibrillator, if available) until medical help arrives, the likelihood of survival increases because the lack of oxygenated blood in the brain causes irreversible damages.

To reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death you should see your doctor regularly, screen for heart disease and have a healthy lifestyle.